Keeping cool as temps heat up
Published 10:38 pm Thursday, June 16, 2016
People are advised to take extra precaution to avoid heat-related illnesses in regards to rising temperatures this week.
The Alabama Department of Public Health (ADPH) cautions residents of heat stroke, or sunstroke, in response to predicted temperatures.
“Heat stroke is a life-threatening emergency,” said Dr. Jim McVay, director of the Bureau of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease, in a press release.
According to the 10-day forecast on weather.com, temperatures in the Queen City are expected to range anywhere from 88 degrees to as high of 96 degrees during the day.
According to the ADPH, heat stroke is the most serious heat-related illness and is the result the body unable to regulate its temperature. Death or permanent disability is potential consequences of untreated heat stroke.
The department’s Center for Health Statistics has recorded seven heat-related deaths in 2011, seven in 2012, eight in 2013 and five in 2014 in the state.
A majority, 37 percent, of heat-related illnesses reported is of people between the ages 25 and 44.
Warning signs of heat stroke can include high body temperatures, strong pulse, dry skin, throbbing headache, dizziness, nausea, confusion, unconsciousness and other symptoms.
“A person with heat stroke is likely to be unconscious or unresponsive, so he or she cannot safely consume any liquids,” McVay said. “Under no circumstances should you give any alcohol to a person with heat stroke or any heat-related illness.
If heat stroke symptoms are suspected, people are advised call 911 and to move the person to a shady area and to cool them in cold water. If emergency medical personnel are delayed, contact a hospital emergency room for further instruction.
Preventative measures include drinking fluids, but avoiding alcohol or caffeine; stay indoors when temperatures become extreme; reduce or eliminate strenuous activities during the hottest times of the day; wear wide brimmed hats, light colors, loose fitting clothes and sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher.
According to the ADPH, people with heart problems, poor circulation, diabetes, obesity or who have previously experienced a stroke are at greater risk of becoming sick in hot weather.
Other heat-related illnesses include heat exhaustion, a milder form of heat stroke, and heat cramps.
For more information, visit adph.org/injuryprevention.